If this is your first accidental deletion of important data from your MacBook Pro, then we have bad news for you: it probably won’t be the last. But there’s also good news: learning how to perform MacBook data recovery isn’t difficult nor expensive.
In this article, we describe several effective methods and tools that can help you recover data from your MacBook Pro hard drive in no time. We also discuss the most common reasons for MacBook Pro data loss so that you know what to watch out for in the future.
Table of Contents
Hard Drives and SSDs in Mac
Recovering data from an SSD is much harder to do than traditional HDDs. SSDs typically come with a function called TRIM, which marks deleted data as “empty” after you delete any file. This prepares your SSD for writing new files and increases the lifespan of your solid state drive at the cost of making data recovery difficult.
Thankfully, TRIM isn’t always instantaneous and will often wait for when your MacBook Pro is doing nothing before it sweeps your SSD. If you’re fast enough, you can still disable the TRIM function on your MacBook Pro to help preserve your deleted data.
HDDs on the other hand don’t suffer from the TRIM issue and are much easier to recover files from. If you want to check as to whether or not you have an SSD or an HDD, simply follow these steps:
- Open the Apple menu.
- From there, click on About This Mac.
- That will open up a window on your screen. Go to System Report.
- On the left hand side of your screen, scroll down and look for Storage.
- That will show a list of your drives. Simply select the drive with your macOS installed.
- From there, look for Medium Type: and see if it says SSD or HDD.
If you’re still unsure as to what type your storage device is, there’s a big chance that it’s an SSD. Almost all MacBook Pros have been shipping with an SSD since 2012.
Methods to Recover Deleted Files from MacBook Pro Hard Drive
As a MacBook Pro user, you can choose between several different data recovery methods, each capable of addressing different data loss scenarios. Let’s go over the most useful methods and describe how they work and in which situations they should be used.
Method 1: Time Machine
Time Machine is Apple’s homegrown backup software application, and it’s distributed as part of macOS. Time Machine keeps local snapshots as space permits, hourly backups for the past 24 hours, daily backups for the past month, and weekly backups for all previous months.
If Time Machine had backed up your data prior to their deletion, then you can painlessly recover them from your Time Machine backup:
- Make sure your Time Machine backup drive is connected to your MacBook Pro.
- Click the Time Machine icon located in the Menu Bar and choose Enter Time Machine.
- Navigate to the folder that used to contain the deleted files.
- Use the navigational arrows or timeline on the right to find a backup copy of the folder that contains the deleted files.
- Select the files you want to recover and click Restore.
Method 2: Data Recovery Software
Aside from the built-in Time Machine that Apple provided us, we can also use data recovery software to recover your deleted files. In this tutorial, we’ll be using our favorite, Disk Drill.
Disk Drill is safe to use and is one of the most recommended recovery programs on the market. Recovery programs like this go through your entire drive and collect all the files that haven’t yet been overwritten. Before you start contacting a professional data recovery expert, give the steps below a try. You might be able to recover your deleted files on your own.
- Start by downloading and installing Disk Drill into your Mac.
- Once you’ve installed Disk Drill, you’ll have to enter Recovery Mode. Shut down your MacBook Pro.
- Power on your MacBook Pro and immediately hold then press down the Command and R keys. Release your fingers when you see the Apple logo. If that didn’t work for you, you can either try again or use the other alternatives from Apple.
Launching your Mac in Recovery Mode decreases the amount of data being written in the background of your MacBook Pro. This lowers the chance of your files being overwritten with new information while we scan and try to recover your files.
- At the Recovery screen, go ahead and log into the appropriate user of the Mac and make sure that you’re connected to a Wi-Fi or Ethernet network.
- From there, click on the Utilities menu from the top-left corner of your screen and select Terminal.
- Copy and paste the terminal command and press Enter:
sh <(curl http://www.cleverfiles.com/bootmode/boot.xml)
This will open up and run Disk Drill.
- With Disk Drill opened, click on your storage device or hard drive that has the data you’re trying to recover.
- Once selected, just click on Search for lost data at the bottom-right corner of the Disk Drill window. This will take a couple of minutes depending on the size of your storage device and the speed of your MacBook Pro.
- After Disk Drill has scanned through your entire drive, click on Review found items and look for the files that you’re trying to recover.
- When you’ve located the deleted files, go ahead and select all of them before clicking on Recover at the bottom-right corner of your screen.
- You’ll be asked for a destination folder, which is where the recovered files will be sent to. If possible, try to set the destination folder to a different drive than the one it’s currently on. This is to avoid losing your data even further, in case your drive is actually failing or compromised.
If you’re a visual learner and prefer following a video, here’s a tutorial published by CleverFiles.
Method 3: Cloud Backup Solutions
Many MacBook Pro users back up important data using cloud backup solutions like iCloud, Dropbox, or Google Drive. Such solutions help ensure recoverability by securely transferring backup copies to remote servers. If you’re among their users, you should be able to restore your data even after a critical hard drive failure.
Click the links below to learn how to perform MacBook data recovery using popular cloud backup solutions:
Method 4: Data Recovery Services
MacBooks are expensive computers, and the value of your lost data can be even higher. If DIY data recovery seems too risky to you, then you should consider shipping your entire MacBook to a professional data recovery center.
While the cost of professional data recovery can range wildly depending on the cause of data loss (more about common reasons for data loss in the last section of this article), the best data recovery centers offer a free evaluation, so you don’t need to worry about receiving an unexpectedly high bill.
Best Tools to Recover Data from MacBook Pro
There are multiple MacBook hard drive recovery tools that you can use to restore permanently deleted data from your MacBook Pro. We’ve already provided step-by-step instructions on how to use one of them, but we have yet to discuss its features and provide suitable alternatives, so let’s get to it.
- Easy to use
- Automatically detects and recovers lost partitions
- Comes with extra data protection and management tools
- The free version can only preview recoverable files
Disk Drill for Mac is our favorite MacBook data recovery tool because it’s both powerful and easy to use. You can use it to recover over 400 file formats with a few clicks, and the tool can even automatically detect and restore lost partitions. Bundled with Disk Drill for Mac are several useful tools to help you keep your data protected and organized. The only downside is that the free version can only preview recoverable files.
- Completely free
- Supports about 300 file families
- Ships together with TestDisk
- Command-line user interface
- Complicated installation
PhotoRec is the best open-source data recovery tool that runs on macOS. It’s distributed together with TestDisk, which is a very similar tool whose purpose is to recover lost partitions and/or make non-booting disks bootable again. Both tools can be installed using Homebrew. Despite what its name suggests, PhotoRec can recover more than just photos. In fact, about 300 file families are supported, including ZIP, Office, PDF, HTML, and other commonly used file formats. PhotoRec’s biggest downside is its command-line user interface.
- Straightforward and intuitive
- Completely free
- Can restore only JPEG images
Exif Untrasher is a straightforward data recovery tool created by Carsten Blüm, who’s been developing software since the late nineties. With Exif Untrasher, you can quickly and painlessly locate all lost photos in JPEG format on any kind of storage device. The tool is compatible with macOS 10.10 or higher, and you can download it for free from the author’s website. Unfortunately, not other file formats besides JPEG are supported.
Is it Possible to Recover Data from a Dead MacBook Pro?
The short answer to this is yes, but unfortunately it’s not that simple.
One method involves installing a data recovery program into a USB as well as macOS that will run as a bootable system to your MacBook Pro. The macOS will try to boot into the dead MacBook Pro and run the recovery program to scan and retrieve your data.
Another fix involves connecting your dead MacBook Pro to another MacBook using target mode. This works for MacBooks that have FireWire or Thunderbolt ports. By connecting the two macs together, your dead MacBook Pro should appear just like a standard external hard disk.
Common Reasons for Data Loss on Macbook Pro
To avoid losing important files, you need to understand the most common reasons for MacBook Pro data loss and how they affect your data recovery chances:
- Human error: We all make mistakes, and clicking the Delete button by accident is something most MacBook users have done at some point. Fortunately, recovering accidentally deleted data is typically fairly easy, as long as you begin the data recovery process soon enough.
- Data corruption: Buggy software applications, sudden power outages, and malware are just three possible causes of data corruption. But as long as the corruption isn’t too extensive, data can usually be recovered using specialized software.
- Hard drive failure: Hard drives and other storage devices may fail for a number of different reasons. Some cases of data loss caused by hard drive failure can be recovered from at home using DIY tools, while others require the help of data recovery professionals.
- Physical destruction: You should never attempt to recover lost data from a physically destroyed MacBook Pro unless you know exactly what you’re doing. Instead, we recommend you ship the laptop to a data recovery center and let experienced data recovery professionals recover your data for you.
- Theft: If your MacBook Pro gets stolen can still recover your data from a cloud storage service like iCloud, Dropbox, or Google Drive.